The methods available at the Fraunhofer IST for measuring friction and wear are test benches with which various contact or load situations can be modeled. This allows a relatively quick comparison of different tribological systems and is particularly helpful in the development and optimization of tribological coatings.
The following contact situations can be represented: dry running, running under lubricants, running at high temperatures or high loads, simulation of abrasive conditions or testing on the microscale. Many of these tests can be performed according to ISO, DIN or ASTM standard.
A special procedure is the impact test, which can test the fatigue wear of surfaces under beating or swelling continuous load at high loads (500-5000 N) and up to one million cycles.