Testing abrasion resistance using the Taber Abraser Test

Taber Abraser Test for determining the abrasion resistance of various materials.
© Fraunhofer IST
Taber Abraser Test for determining the abrasion resistance of various materials.

Abrasion resistance (ISO 9352, ASTM D 1044, DIN EN standard 438 - 6)

The Taber Abraser can be used to determine the abrasion resistance of a wide range of materials. The abrasive wear is generated by two abrading wheels, coated with abrasive particles, which are pressed onto the rotating test specimen with a specified force. The evaluation is usually carried out by differential weighing from which the abraded portion of the sample is determined. Alternatively, the wear depth/roughness can be determined or optical documentation can be carried out.

Standards and materials 

The Taber Abraser Test is an internationally recognized test method and is named in several national and international standards (ISO 9352, ASTM D 1044, DIN EN-Norm 438 - 6). It can be adapted for widely differing materials, e.g. plastics, metals, ceramics, textiles, paper, lacquers, etc. simply by using different abrasive wheels. The samples must be flat and preferably 10 cm in diameter. Certain smaller samples can be tested by placing them together in the style of a mosaic. Please do not hesitate to call us - we will be happy to advise you. 

Abrasion track and wheels on polycarbonate and steel samples

Taber Abraser Test: abrasion track and wheels on polycarbonate sample
© Fraunhofer IST, Falko Oldenburg
Taber Abraser Test: abrasion track and wheels on polycarbonate sample
Taber Abraser Test: abrasion track and wheels on steel sample
© Fraunhofer IST, Falko Oldenburg
Taber Abraser Test: abrasion track and wheels on steel sample