SDG 9: Industry, innovation and infrastructure

Innovation research is an important keyword with regard to the sustainable and positive economic development of a society. With regard to the 9th sustainabe development goal of the UN, the Fraunhofer IST is working on the following topics:

Sustainable industrialization through sensor technology

In the era of Industry 4.0, the networking of production, logistics and customers is becoming increasingly important. Digitalization and automation of differing production processes play a major role in the development of sustainable industrialization. The Fraunhofer IST is therefore performing research into the development of various thin-film sensors which enable force, pressure, strain or temperature measurements. So-called “smart tools”, intelligent tools with extended functions, enable highly accurate measurements of loads in a multitude of industrial application fields, increase production efficiency, and contribute towards fulfilling heightened safety requirements. As an example, modules with thin-film sensor systems are integrated into thermoforming devices and propulsion machinery in order to ensure a more efficient forming and processing of components.

Wood fiber reinforced injection molded part in contact with sensor module.
© Fraunhofer IST
Wood fiber reinforced injection molded part in contact with sensor module.

Sustainable factory planning

A prerequisite of sustainable industrialization is an analysis of different life cycles. The Fraunhofer IST is therefore working on target-oriented and systemic factory planning in the field of battery cell production. Model-based planning, simulation and the operation of battery production systems are important factors thereby. The activities of the institute encompass the complete life cycle of battery systems - from raw materials through to battery recycling - and focus equally on technical, economic and ecological issues.

Integrated planning of battery cell production.
© Fraunhofer IST, Marén Gröschel
Holistic planning of battery cell production.

Innovation through simulation

The simulation and modelling of coating processes forms an important foundation for innovation. Based on data from a process simulation carried out at the Fraunhofer IST, it was possible to construct, for example, a “digital twin”, which enabled the development of highly complex precision optical filter systems.

Simulation of ten nanoparticles, likewise in the EOSS<sup>®</sup> system.
© Fraunhofer IST
Simulation of ten nanoparticles, likewise in the EOSS® system.

Project examples


Narrow IR bandpass filter on 3D surfaces

With the development of a process for the direct deposition of a bandpass filter on the lens, the Fraunhofer IST is providing a building block for more compact and lighter LIDAR systems.



Surface technology for the generative production

At the Fraunhofer IST, additively manufactured components are galvanically metallized and furnished with the desired surface properties.


Upscaling of PECVD processes

The Fraunhofer IST is working on an in-situ ascertainment of the coating conditions in combination with a modeling of the process dynamics and layer formation, in order to enable a targeted scaling up of the PECVD process.




Thin-film sensor technology for temperature measurement

The Fraunhofer IST is working on the development of a wear-resistant thin-film sensor system for the long-term stable measurement of temperatures in tooth-flank contacts which are subject to mixed-friction loading.


Robust thermoresistive sensor technology

In order to better understand tool-wear processes in warm forming, a forging die is coated with a thermoresistive and simultaneously wear-resistant thin-film system.


Surface-layer treatment

The Fraunhofer IST has developed surface-layer treatments which significantly improve the friction and wear behavior of high-temperature materials.