Current megatrends such as the electrification of mobility and autonomous driving have an enormous influence on the design of the car of future generations. New business models such as ”shared mobility” and (autonomous) taxi systems are playing an increasingly important role and changing the way we look at the vehicle, its functions and requirements. The focus is on longer operating times and shorter downtimes, an individualized interior and different usage scenarios based on autonomous driving: the mobile office during the daily commute to work or to a meeting, a big shopping trip or group excursion, goods transport instead of unproductive waiting times, which today account for about 95 percent of the vehicle life. In addition, the automotive industry's requirements for sustainability and CO2 efficiency are increasing, thus exerting a massive influence on future vehicle design. Several Fraunhofer Institutes are working together to develop solutions for the technological challenges of resource-saving and cost-effective lightweight construction as well as for increasing efficiency, reducing traffic-related emissions and recycling vehicle components. The Fraunhofer IST focuses on the further development of smart surfaces such as surface-integrated thin-film sensors.